Dental plaque occurs as a result of foods that contain sugars and starches are left on the surface of the teeth for long periods of time. Bacteria thrive well on these classes of foods producing acids that attack the surface of the tooth i.e. enamel. This leads to the tooth being demineralized and tooth decay begins commonly known as dental caries. Plaque can irritate the gum leading to swelling, redness and sometimes bleeding of the gums i.e. gingivitis at this stage the supporting structure of the tooth is under attack and if not treated leads to periodontal disease and loss of the tooth.
Good oral hygiene is vital in preventing the onset of tooth decay by:
- Brushing teeth twice daily using a good medium flexible toothbrush and following up proper tooth brushing technique.
- Using inter-dental brushes to remove formation in between teeth.
- Dental flossing daily.
- Cleaning your tongue with tongue cleaners to remove bacteria
- Avoid taking sugary snacks/drinks between meals.
- Visit a dentist at least twice a year for an overall dental check-up.
This way you will save the costly dental treatments that are offered in the dental clinics.